Vol. 133 Núm. 1 (2024): La Alltagsgeschichte y el estudio de las dictaduras europeas
Dosier

Utilizar la Alltagsgeschichte para entender la experiencia vivida de la dictadura fascista italiana

Kate Ferris
University of St. Andrews

Publicado 16-01-2024

Palabras clave

  • Italia fascista,
  • Alltagsgeschichte,
  • vida cotidiana,
  • experiencia vivida,
  • Eigensinn

Cómo citar

Ferris, K. (2024). Utilizar la Alltagsgeschichte para entender la experiencia vivida de la dictadura fascista italiana. Ayer. Revista De Historia Contemporánea, 133(1), 49–79. https://doi.org/10.55509/ayer/2071

Resumen

Este artículo examina algunas de las formas en que los enfoques de la historia de la vida cotidiana (Alltagsgeschichte) y, concretamente, las herramientas metodológicas y teóricas utilizadas por historiadores como Alf Lüdtke, han influido y pueden influir en el modo de escribir la historia del fascismo italiano y también de otras dictaduras de mediados del siglo xx. En particular, se sugiere que estos enfoques y herramientas ofrecen posibilidades fructíferas para reformular algunas cuestiones de investigación sobre la construcción y la práctica de la dictadura tanto «desde abajo» como «desde arriba»; permitiéndonos entender mejor cómo funcionaron realmente las dictaduras y cómo fueron experimentadas en las localidades italianas; y brindando a los investigadores una «válvula de escape» de los polémicos debates sobre el consentimiento y el consenso hacia el fascismo que han dominado la historiografía durante mucho tiempo.

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